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Sample Student Research Paper

English 155
26 July 2015

Bariatric Surgery Reexamined: The Times Are Changing

In the 1970’s and early 1980’s, many people, both inside and outside the medical community, viewed bariatric surgical procedures as being radical, unnecessary and dangerous. Early on procedures such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and adjustable gastric banding (AGB), frequently resulted in complications ranging from infection, liver disease and internal bleeding. As a result, the public at large came to the perception that these treatments were not safe. In the past 10 years, however, that opinion is being re-examined in light of some new and compelling evidence regarding the health and psychosocial benefits of bariatric surgery for adults as well as adolescents.

In the 2007 International Journal of Obesity Article entitled “Long-Term Health and Psychosocial Outcomes from Surgically Induced Weight Loss” the author, Dr. EMH Mathus- Vliegen, related the findings of his team’s study in which they found that the benefits for morbidly obese patients (patients who have a Body Mass Index of 40 or greater) who elected to undergo gastric bypass surgery are more than just cosmetic. The author stated that his study found there are long-term health benefits which positively impact the quality of life. In the article, Dr. Mathus-Vliegen concluded by suggesting that these long-term benefits are present even in cases in which the patient does not engage in a medically supervised post-surgical treatment plan. (to continued)

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Research Notes Worksheet for Students

Research Notes Worksheet Sample

Title: ________________________________________

Author(s): ____________________________________

Publication: ___________________________________

Page Numbers: ________________________________

Date: ________________________________________

Main point of the article: __________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________

Quotes, paraphrase or notes that support the main idea (note page numbers). 1.______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

2. ______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

3. ______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Other Notes: ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________


Let’s say your paper is about how you believe that media images of ultra-thin models contribute to eating disorders in females. This is what a body paragraph might look like, using the research sandwich method:

Your words

If young girls are constantly exposed to pictures of beautiful, thin women, they might think that they must conform to this ideal to be considered attractive and become unhappy with their bodies.


One study found that exposure to media images decreases body satisfaction in girls (Wertheim et al, 47). Researcher James Thomas states that this body dissatisfaction occurs when “the individual accepts societal views of ideal weight and attractiveness and acts in a certain way to achieve the ideal body.

Your words

When girls are not happy with the way they look, they may turn to crash diets or other unhealthy eating habits in order to try and conform to an unrealistic standard of beauty.

A research sandwich can stand alone as a paragraph, or you can put two or three together if the ideas are closely related to form one longer paragraph.

It’s important to include smooth transitions from one “sandwich” to the next. Sometimes this can be accomplished in the concluding sentence of the sandwich, or in the next topic sentence, but be sure you think about the transition so your paper doesn’t seem to jump from topic to topic.

Sandwich Worksheet – Topic 1

Working Thesis: _______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

Your Words (Topic sentence with your opinion): _____________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

Research (Direct quote or paraphrase):______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

Your Words (Analysis, summary or transition): ______________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

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